Femoral Artery – The Blood Highway in Deer

If you are one of those people who love hunting and if deer is something that you wish to hunt, then then it is important that you know more about the anatomy of a deer, especially the femoral artery this is because it can lead to the deer stopping in its movement just because you reach it quickly. Deer meat can be tasty if you are killing it to eat. You do not have to be bad to the deer and make it suffer before you kill it.

Simply be easy on it and let it die without much suffering. If you notice that the deer has offspring or is pregnant, then it is better if you let it go since the smaller deer might not be able to survive by themselves.

If you look at any picture of a deer, you will notice a big and bulging artery in the leg of the deer. This artery is called the femoral artery.

Arteries are very important for animals and humans. This is because the oxygen-rich blood goes to the other parts of the body. This oxygen is required by the muscles so that they can function well. Arteries might look very similar to the roots in trees. This is because they branch out and go to different parts of the body.

If the deer is shot in the rear end, then that can be a huge problem for the deer. This is because most deers cannot run a lot after this shot. The reason is that the blood supply gets cut off, and this can cripple the deer and prevent it from moving forward. So even when the femoral artery is missed, the deer can still be crippled.

If you are a hunter, do not shoot a deer in the hip because it can cause the animal a lot of pain and suffering.

When the body is working, the blood flow becomes a lot more than usual, and a deer will get tired out more easily in these situations. When a deer moves and runs around, the pressure increases in these veins. When you combine the increased pressure with the amount of blood in that artery already, the deer will lose a lot of blood very quickly. The blood will also leave a trail, and if you do not manage to get the deer, some other wild animal will get to it.

The high blood flow has a lot of pressure, too, so one injury to the arteries can cause problems and be fatal to the animal. After the artery is cut, the pressure will keep on rising, and the blood will all be pumped out of the body through that cut.

The running and jumping of the deer will cause more blood to go out, and the blood will be pumping faster and cause the deer to keep on moving.

The reason why this became very famous because when people realized that deer could not move 100 yards when they were shot in the hip, then more people started to do it and people also started to do research, and many doctors understood why the deer could not move more a certain distance.

When the artery in the body branches many times, then it will be with smooth muscles. When smooth muscles contract, then that will cause the vessel to reduce in diameter. When this happens, the blood flow also reduces.

This also works vice versa, so when the muscle relaxes, the diameter of the vessel also increases, and the blood flow in it can increase. This can be a problem when the artery might be cut at some point as it causes blood loss in the deer.

Calculating the deer blood

An average deer can weigh 150 pounds, and at this weight, the deer might have about 8 pints of blood in its system. If a hunter wishes to catch a deer only through its blood loss, then that blood loss has to be a lot. When a deer loses about 35 percent of the blood volume in its body, then at that time, it might collapse, and it will make it easy for the hunter to reach it.

Out of eight pints, the deer would have to lose at least 2 pints of blood. The faster that happens, the easier it will be for a hunter to catch the deer. When a deer runs, then the heart rate can be three times as fast as when a deer is resting.

The main issue is that even though this is the amount of blood that we can see outside the deer. Two pints might be lost on the outside, but many times there might be a lot more bleeding internally. There would be closer to three pints of blood loss before the deer would collapse. Once the deer is shot, it would be down within one hundred years itself. Often, internal blood loss might be more serious for the deers, which can slow them down.

There is an ethical question that has to be asked here as well. Although you might want to get deer, you also have to be a human and let them have mercy and not make them suffer.


While it is important to get your kill when you want it, you should avoid shooting the deer in the hip. This can cause a very slow and painful death to the animal. There are times when accidents can happen, and it is ok if you shift at the last minute and shoot the deer in the wrong place but do not intentionally shoot the deer in the hip just to put it down because that is ruthless.

Deer can run very fast, and they will get away from you but still avoid shooting them in the hip. Other than the artery, you might also injure their bone, which can be even more painful.

If you end up reaching the deer before it dies, make sure that you end its suffering. If not, then the deer will simply end up dying due to excessive bleeding.

You should know that the studies and information on this deer are by looking at the whitetail deer.

If you are good at shooting, then try your best to shoot the deer directly in the head because that will ensure that the deer does not have to suffer and bleed out, and at least the deer will get a decent ending.

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